It was being argued that Jesus was greater than the angels and that his greatness is to be seen in the salvation that he obtained for us. But he had lived on earth as an ordinary man. There was nothing about this man Jesus to show that he was greater than the angels – in fact he suffered, was humiliated and died as a convicted felon.
So the author moves on here to show that this should not be an objection to his greatness – but was actually part of his greatness. This is how God would save men – he would be made like those he saves.
An interesting point to ponder on – God walked around the neighborhood for 30 years – and no one knew.
10 For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, should make the founder of their salvation perfect through suffering.
- Who determines what is fitting for God?
- Everything God does come out of his character.
- ***We are on God’s mind – now and in glory***
- These words show that the suffering of Jesus was not by chance
- Other translations say “the author” – the RSV = Pioneer
- ***I like this – “The Founder” – the trailblazer – the one who goes first.**
- This is a very monergistic statement – there is only one player here, there is only one actor on the stage – God.
- Perfect = a sense of completion.
11 For he who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one source. That is why he is not ashamed to call them brothers.
- It is God who does the sanctifying.
- ***Sanctification = set apart for God’s use – for himself.***
- A secondary sense is that we are set apart for ethical and moral purity.
- Many mistakenly make the secondary the primary
- Set apart to be holy – then we are actually and progressively purged of sin by the weakening of our sinful habits and the strengthening of our new nature.
- But, and people do get off track, the purpose of the verse is not a lesson in sanctification – it is the common joining of the sanctifier and the sanctifyees.
- Jesus is the one who makes people holy
- ***Note the passive wording of being made holy “and those who are sanctified.” ***
- “all have one source” – NIV = “of the same family”. The thought being that Jesus is qualified to be our priest and savior because he shares out nature – he is not some far off entity.
- We are called brothers / sisters.
12 saying, “I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will sing your praise.”
- A quote from Psalm 22:22 – a Messianic Psalm from the cross.
- Jesus is not only NOT ashamed to call us brothers, but does so proudly.
- ***We are now a part of God’s family***
- When Jesus speaks about us in heaven – – does he have a wallet with our picture?
***The Author now quotes 3 OT verses to show Jesus’ connection with the old covenant***
13 And again, “I will put my trust in him.” And again, “Behold, I and the children God has given me.”
14 Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,
15 and deliver all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong slavery.
- ***Who are the children? = the church***
- Jesus did not just appear human – He was not God in a human suit.
- But actual flesh and blood – the exact same as us
- ***Through his death, Jesus had defeated the devil – he is defeated, but still active.***
- It may not look like it now but think of any game with a clock.
- Basketball game 5 min to go and your team is losing by 35 points. You are still playing the game, making and changing strategies – still trying to make points. Because the clock has not wound down to 0:00.
- Death has been defeated and since that was the big tool in the devil’s tool box, the only thing he has left is to make us afraid of death.
- Trusting in Jesus removes that fear – removes those shackles.
- Jesus, the Pioneer – not the first to die, all the OT guys died, but the first to be the trailblazer to rise from the dead.
16 For surely it is not angels that he helps, but he helps the offspring of Abraham.
- ***For surely*** – this makes a strong case for information that is shared between the parties
- Helps – better understood as “to take hold of” or “taken by the hand”
- “For it was not the angels that he took to himself” – In other words “Jesus came to rescue his people.”
- Invoking Abraham makes the statement particular
- So Jesus may “help” many besides the Jews – this is a particular kind of help directed at his people.
17 Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.
- ***He had to… The purpose of salvation involved a genuine incarnation***
- ***To make propitiation for the sins of the people***
- Propitiation vs atonement – NIV = atonement.
18 For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.
- ***He himself ***– Emphatic
- Contrary to what might have been expected – he suffered
- No other religion has a suffering God.